Tinnitus is defined as the perception of sound in the absence of an external sound source. It is commonly known as ahead noise, ear noise, ringing in the ears. About 15% of people experience tinnitus symptoms. Tinnitus is a noise that lasts at least 5 minutes. Shorter episodes of ear noise that goes away are considered normal and experienced by most of people. Tinnitus sounds are described in many various ways: crickets, wind, dripping water, buzz of fluorescent lights, pulsating tones, hissing, buzzing or ringing in the ear. The intensity of tinnitus varies and can change over time. The effects of tinnitus can emotionally distressing and tinnitus sufferers report depression, anxiety, sensitivity to sound and sleep problems.
CAUSES OF TINNITUS
There are many different theories to explain what causes tinnitus – however it is still considered one of the big mysteries of the human ear. High exposure to noise increases the risk of developing tinnitus. For example loud environments like concerts, music festivals and night clubs, or listening to personal music players at high volume. Anxiety, fast pace of living or stress can also cause tinnitus problems. “Ear noise” is not a disease, but can be a symptom of other health problems of both psychological or physical background. It is generally accepted that tinnitus is a side effect of damage to a person’s auditory (hearing) system. 80% of people with tinnitus also have a hearing loss.